Model 1914 grenade

The Model 1914 grenade (Ручная граната образца 1914 года) is a Russian stick concussion grenade (fragmentation grenade via an optional jacket) that was used during World War I and World War II.

Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1914
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) View

World War I 

The M1914 was one of the few grenades used the conflict that was in service before the war started. It was used throughout the war, along with the Stender grenade, by Russian forces until Russia withdrew from the conflict in 1917.


In 1930, the M1914 was modified to use a different explosive, TNT. TNT was a common explosive in Soviet grenades at the time, as seen in grenades such as the F1 grenade and RGD-33 grenade.

World War II 

The M1914 also saw use in World War II, but it was eventually replaced by the RGD-33 grenade as the Soviet's primary stick grenade.

Post-World War II 

After World War II, the M1914 was completely retired in favor of other designs, such as the RGD-5 grenade. However, inert versions of the M1914 were used for training up until the 1980s.

Type Hand grenade
Place of origin Russia / Soviet Union
Service history
Used by Russian Empire, Soviet Union
Wars World War I, World War II
Production history
Designer Vladimir Rdultovsky
Designed 1914
Produced 1914-?
Variants M1914/30 (different explosive), M1917 (chemical grenade based on M1914's design)
Weight 500g (M1914), 590g (M1914/30),[2]780g with fragmentation sleeve
Length 235mm
Diameter 45mm
Filling Picric Acid (M1914), TNT(M1914/30)
Time-fuse, 4-5 seconds

End notes