Syrian Civil War 2011-Present

[ 2011 - ]

The Syrian Civil War also known as the Syrian Revolution, is an ongoing armed conflict taking place in Syria. The unrest began in the early spring of 2011 within the context of Arab Spring protests, with nationwide protests against President Bashar al-Assad's government, whose forces responded with violent crackdowns. The conflict gradually morphed from popular protests to an armed rebellion after months of military sieges.

The armed opposition consists of various groups that were formed during the course of the conflict, primarily the Free Syrian Army, which was the first to take up arms in 2011, and the Islamic Front formed in 2013. In 2013, Hezbollah entered the war in support of the Syrian army. In the east, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a jihadist militant group originating from Iraq, made very rapid military gains in both Syria and Iraq, eventually conflicting with the other rebels. In July 2014, ISIL controlled a third of Syria's territory and most of its oil and gas production, thus establishing itself as the major opposition force.

By July 2013, the Syrian government was in control of approximately 30–40% of the country's territory and 60% of the Syrian population. A United Nations report in late 2012 described the conflict as being "overtly sectarian in nature", between mostly Alawite government forces, militias and other Shia groups fighting largely against Sunni-dominated rebel groups, although both opposition and government forces have denied it. Due to foreign involvement this conflict has been called a proxy war.

As of April 2014 the death toll had risen above 190,000. International organizations have accused forces on all sides of severe human rights violations, with many massacres occurring. Chemical weapons have been used many times during the conflict as well. Government forces are reportedly responsible for the majority of civilian casualties, often through bombings. In addition, tens of thousands of protesters and activists have been imprisoned and there are reports of torture in state prisons.

The severity of the humanitarian disaster in Syria has been outlined by the UN and many international organizations. More than 6.5 million Syrians have been displaced, more than 3 million Syrians have fled the country to countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt, and Iraq and become refugees, and millions more have been left in poor living conditions with shortages of food and drinking water.  At the end of August 2014, 35,000 refugees were awaiting registration, while estimates of several hundred thousand more were not included in official figures as they were unregistered.

Total Casualties 410424 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed 410424 / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 267513 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed 142911 / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Syria and Syrian opposition 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Military of ISIL and Rojava (Syrian Kurdistan) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Syrian Armed Forces and Islamic Front (Syria) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
National Defence Force (Syria) and Free Syrian Army (FSA) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Hezbollah and Syrian Revolutionary Command Council (SRCC) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Ba'ath Brigades and Supporters of the Religion Front (JAD) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas and Muhajirin wa-Ansar Alliance (MAA) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq and Military of ISIL 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Jaysh al-Muwahhideen and Military of ISIL 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Syrian Resistance and People's Protection Units (YPG) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Arab Nationalist Guard and Jabhat al-Akrad (KFB) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command (PFLP-GC) and Peshmerga 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Free Syrian Army (FSA) and Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK) 2011 / 3 / 15 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
T-72 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
BMP-2 Vehicle Infantry Combat Vehicle
M113 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
BTR-60 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
2S3 Akatsiya Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
ZSU-23-4 Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
180 mm gun S-23 Vehicle Towed Artillery
10.5 cm leFH 18M Vehicle Towed Artillery
15 cm sFH 18 Vehicle Towed Artillery
152 mm towed gun-howitzer M1955 (D-20) Vehicle Towed Artillery
M40 recoilless rifle Manportable Rifles
240 mm mortar M240 Manportable Mortars
2B9 Vasilek Manportable Mortars
M-63 Plamen Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
U-5TS Vehicle Towed Artillery
9M14 Malyutka Missile Air to Surface
AK-9 Manportable Rifles
Dragunov sniper rifle Manportable Rifles
Uzi submachine gun Manportable Machine Guns
Zastava M70 Manportable Rifles
TT pistol Manportable Handguns
RPD Manportable Machine Guns
Zastava M72 Manportable Machine Guns
NSV machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
Pecheneg machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
PK machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
RPK Manportable Machine Guns
M249 light machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
Zastava M84 Manportable Machine Guns
Benelli M4 Super 90 Manportable Rifles
Steyr HS .50 Manportable Rifles
PSL (rifle) Manportable Rifles
Tabuk Sniper Rifle Manportable Rifles
Mauser Karabiner 98k Manportable Rifles
Type 87 grenade launcher Manportable Rocket Launcher
AGS -17 Manportable Mortars
Type 69 RPG Manportable Rocket Launcher
RPG-2 Manportable Rocket Launcher
RPG-29 Manportable Rocket Launcher

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts